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  1. Nonprofit Revitalization Act of 2013
  2. Nonprofit Revitalization Act of
  3. New York Court of Appeals Upholds “Amazon” Law
  4. Tax Section Reports 2013

Wilson happily signed it on October 3, and the new income tax made retroactive to March 1 took effect immediately. Complaints Rates and exemptions were not the only contentious aspects of the new tax. As it moved through Congress, critics railed about its complexity.

Nonprofit Revitalization Act of 2013

Elihu Root to a correspondent. We will have a merry, merry time, for all our friends will be there. It will be an intellectual center, for no one understands the Income Tax law except persons who have not sufficient intelligence to understand the questions that arise under it. Withholding had been used during the Civil War to collect taxes on some kinds of income, but the act envisioned a more ambitious regime. In particular, the law required withholding on dividend and interest payments paid out by corporations, as well as rent, interest, wages, and salaries paid by both corporations and individuals.

Nonprofit Revitalization Act of

Eventually, critics would win the argument about withholding, persuading lawmakers in to repeal it. It would not reappear until World War II. Another controversial aspect of the law was its geographic incidence. Observers understood that the new levy would fall most heavily on the Northeastern states as had the Civil War income tax. Yankee lawmakers complained long and hard about that fact, arguing that the law's high exemption was to blame. But Hull, mustering well-rehearsed Southern arguments, insisted that the tax was sectional because "wealth first made itself sectional.

In the Senate, Sen.

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James Lewis offered an even more vigorous defense of the law's geographic incidence. In response to complaints from Root that New Yorkers would be overpaying, Lewis was openly scornful. Are they those whose names are seldom found on the assessors' lists, but who hover around the Mediterranean in the summer and the islands of the Caribbean in the winter? I think it is fair, and I voted for the income tax amendment to the Constitution, and urged it upon my people.

I have no fault to find with an income tax or a graded tax, but if you impose too great a tax upon the industrial States you will, to that extent, diminish their taxable resources for State or other local purposes. Editorial critics objected to the high exemption as a form of class legislation. The New York Sun , for instance, called it "taxation of the few for the benefit of the many. At the end of the day, such a tax would hurt the rich and the economy but do little to help the poor.

Indeed, they have remained at the center of most political tax debates ever since. And as modern politicians wrangle over tax reform, many point nostalgically to the low, narrow tax of as some sort of object lesson.

In a presidential debate, for instance, Rep. Michele Bachmann, R-Minn. By , the top rate was 70 percent. But, in fact, the rate had reached 77 percent by , just five years after Congress created its first, single-digit levy. World War I explains the rapid escalation in rates, of course. But the willingness of lawmakers to transform the income tax in the face of national emergency tells us something about the way they viewed that tax in the first place. After all, lawmakers had other revenue options.

But the income tax had several virtues. To begin with, it was already on the books, and its administrative machinery, while embryonic, was at least operational. That couldn't be said for most alternatives, including any form of broad-based consumption tax other than the tariff, which was a poor revenue tool in wartime. But almost as important, the income tax struck many wartime lawmakers as fair.

New York Court of Appeals Upholds “Amazon” Law

Which is no surprise, because many of those same lawmakers had voted for the tax -- and endorsed its fairness claims -- just five years before. The low taxers of were the high taxers of Necessity may have forced their hand during the wartime emergency, but lawmakers of the late s were not somehow wed to the notion of low-rate income taxes.

The proposed amendments also reflect programmatic changes in application requirements. Professional Certification. These dates are relevant for purposes of meeting both statutory and regulatory filing and work completion deadlines. HPD will retain the discretion to request additional documentation to support such dates, such as owner's affidavits, work contracts, invoices, cancelled checks and contractor's affidavits. The proposed rule amendments also require submission of a Certified Public Accountant certification to verify the cost of J eligible work other than for a governmentally-assisted work, for which a disposition of funds statement or HPD Commissioner certification will suffice, or b projects eligible to use the short form.

Tax Section Reports 2013

The CPA certification will replace the submission of paid bills, cancelled checks, installment agreements and work contracts and thereby expedite the processing time for J applications. However, HPD may still, in its discretion, require this additional documentation. Work and Application Filing and Completion Deadlines. The proposed rules implement Chapter 4 of the Laws of and Local Law Number 48 of by extending the date by which J work must be completed from December 31, to June 30, They also implement these statutory amendments by reducing the time in which Jeligible work must be completed from 36 to 30 months following the start of construction.

Governmentally-assisted projects or projects of housing development fund companies will still have 60 months to complete the work. The proposed rule amendments reduce the time by which J applications must be filed for most projects from 48 to 36 months following the start of construction. Loft conversions will still have 12 months following completion to file J applications, and HPD will still have the discretion to extend the application filing deadline for governmentally-assisted projects to not later than 72 months following the start of construction.


The proposed rule amendments reduce the application completion period from 24 to 12 months after the initial filing date. Coop City, a State Mitchell-Lama development that consists of over 15, dwelling units, would now have 24 instead of 36 months to complete a J application.

Cooperatives and Condominiums.

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For work completed on or after December 31, , such cooperatives and condominiums will only be eligible if the work was carried out with substantial governmental assistance. Certain homeownership projects, such as Mitchell-Lama mutual companies and Article V mutual redevelopment companies, are exempt from this restriction. Inspections and Inspection Fees. The proposed rule amendments clarify the requirement that Jeligible work be inspected by HPD prior to issuance of a certificate of eligibility and reasonable cost.

They also implement the legislative change authorizing HPD to impose a fee equal to two times the actual cost of inspecting any conversions, alterations or improvements that are claimed in the J application if such work is not completed at the time such inspections take place. Ineligible Conversions. The proposed rule amendments implement the restrictions imposed by Chapter 4 of the Laws of and Local Law Number 48 of on benefits for conversions from nonresidential to residential buildings.